About MIDA

Who we are

The resources of diaspora populations that flow across borders are immensely varied and range from skills, knowledge and ideas through social/cultural capital, finance and trade links. Viewed as development stakeholders, diaspora communities are distinctive in that they possess a personal attachment to both their countries of origin with which they remain engaged, as well as to the countries in which they reside. Governments, international organisations, civil society and the private sector have increasingly begun to recognise the socio-economic contributions made by diaspora, and are putting in place measures and frameworks that are designed to facilitate the transfer of skills, knowledge and resources across borders.

The contribution that transnational communities and diaspora make to development has long been recognised by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in its programming work not only in relation to migration and development, but also in emergency and post-crisis interventions. IOM also makes a point to engage the diaspora in migrant protection and integration, which are essential preconditions that enable transnational communities and diaspora to become effective agents of development and socio-economic change. This is done by effectively engaging with the diaspora communities, creating enabling environment for the diaspora to contribute to development and adequately using these links and resources generated through human mobility  to empower themselves  to decide their own priorities and development ambitions.

The platform known in IOM parlance as Migration for Development in Africa (MIDA) is a holistic approach to development programming that provides durable solutions to governments in need by using the country's diaspora as the primary instrument. The Programme which comes under the Labour Mobility and Human Development Division is so flexible that it works well at all levels of government. MIDA can be calibrated to provide solutions wherever gaps are needed to be filled. In many cases, MIDA serves as a component of a broader development scheme. MIDA complements key partners' broader development strategies by providing support to the social and economic advancement of developing countries, to foster their national human resource development and to counter the negative effects of "brain drain" by encouraging "brain circulation" instead.

The main labour mobility priority for IOM MIDA Somalia is mobilizing human and financial resources, in order to contribute to the stabilization and development of Somalia through local and diaspora expertise. MIDA provides the necessary mechanisms to improve institutional performance and their capacity to respond to the needs of the Somali people while at the same time maintaining that the knowledge is left behind once the diaspora experts complete their assignment.   

MIDA projects

MIDA Somalia projects are characterized by a demand-driven approach, beneficiaries’ ownership, flexibility, facilitating the best possible match between the needs on the ground and available Somali diaspora resources. By aligning itself with Somalia’s national development plans and government priorities, the programme is currently providing capacity injection in four key sectors: Health, Public Finance Management, Education and Justice. IOM and its partners believe that the three sectors are crucial for economic development and stability of Somalia. To date, IOM, through the implementation of 10 projects and project components has facilitated and supported;

The following are the main projects that have been implemented under the MIDA umbrella:

Qualified Expatriate Somali Technical Support-Migration for Development in Africa (QUESTS-MIDA): IOM in partnership with (UNDP) implemented the QUESTS MIDA project. The main objective of the project was to develop the institutional capacity of government ministries in Somalia through short-term capacity building assignments.

Transition Initiatives for Stabilization: This is a quick-impact, results-driven project promoting peace and stability in South Central Somalia and Somaliland. The project aims to provide support to local leadership(s) to enable improved service delivery, increased capacity, and positively affect public perception of governance sectors in Somalia/Somaliland.

MIDA FINNSOM Health project: This project aims at Institutionalizing health care improvement through temporary returns of Somali health professionals from Finland, United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, among others. IOM and the Somali diaspora supports the rehabilitation and development of regional health sectors in Somaliland and Puntland which continue to bear the consequences of years of neglect and debilitating lack of qualified human resources.

Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals (TRQN): The objective of TRQN is to contribute to the reconstruction and development policies and strategies of the Somali Government in line with the integrated approach of the Dutch Government towards migration and development. IOM works closely with both the diaspora in the Netherlands and government partners in Somalia to strengthen the linkages and to help bridge the institutional capacity gaps.

Capacity Building support for Stabilization programming in Somalia: The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the on-going process of stabilization and state-building of Somalia in the newly recovered areas through capacity building of relevant institutions.

Strengthening Institutions through Diaspora Assistance: This project aims at contributing to the ongoing process of stabilization and state building of Somalia by developing the capacities of key government sectors such as Health, Justice and Public Financial Management through the mobilization of the Somali diaspora and local technical expertise.

Migration Health Division: To contribute to improved human security through increased access of Migrant and Mobile Populations (MMPs) and host communities to basic services and livelihoods and improved capacity of authorities in border management operations.

Capacity Building for Migration Management: The overall objective of the project is to build the capacity of the immigration offices in Somalia in order to facilitate safe and orderly migration as well as mitigate security threats at ports of entry/border points in Somalia.

Joint Rule of Law Programme: This initiative aims at enhancing capacity of Somalia’s Rule of Law System to cater to the needs of all, and especially vulnerable groups by; establishing independent and accountable justice institutions capable of addressing the justice needs of the people of Somalia and; establishing a unified, capable, accountable and rights-based Somali police force providing safety and order for all the people in Somalia.

MIDA Italy: The aim of the project is to contribute to the rehabilitation and development of Somalia by enhancing the role of Somali diaspora and their associations in Italy, with particular attention to activities promoted by associations of Somali women, engaging them in mobilising and transferring their professional, social and economic.