The resources of
diaspora populations that flow across borders are immensely varied and range
from skills, knowledge and ideas through social/cultural capital, finance and
trade links. Viewed as development stakeholders, diaspora communities are
distinctive in that they possess a personal attachment to both their countries
of origin with which they remain engaged, as well as to the countries in which
they reside. Governments, international organisations, civil society and the
private sector have increasingly begun to recognise the socio-economic
contributions made by diaspora, and are putting in place measures and
frameworks that are designed to facilitate the transfer of skills, knowledge
and resources across borders.
that transnational communities and diaspora make to development has long been
recognised by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in its
programming work not only in relation to migration and development, but also in
emergency and post-crisis interventions. IOM also makes a point to engage the
diaspora in migrant protection and integration, which are essential
preconditions that enable transnational communities and diaspora to become
effective agents of development and socio-economic change. This is done by
effectively engaging with the diaspora communities, creating enabling
environment for the diaspora to contribute to development and adequately using
these links and resources generated through human mobility to empower themselves to decide their own priorities and
known in IOM parlance as Migration for Development in Africa (MIDA) is a
holistic approach to development programming that provides durable solutions to
governments in need by using the country's diaspora as the primary instrument.
The Programme which comes under the Labour Mobility and Human Development
Division is so flexible that it works well at all levels of government. MIDA can
be calibrated to provide solutions wherever gaps are needed to be filled. In
many cases, MIDA serves as a component of a broader development scheme. MIDA
complements key partners' broader development strategies by providing support
to the social and economic advancement of developing countries, to foster their
national human resource development and to counter the negative effects of
"brain drain" by encouraging "brain circulation" instead.
The main labour mobility
priority for IOM MIDA Somalia is mobilizing human and financial resources, in order to contribute to
the stabilization and development of Somalia through local and diaspora
expertise. MIDA provides the necessary mechanisms to improve institutional
performance and their capacity to respond to the needs of the Somali people
while at the same time maintaining that the knowledge is left behind once the
diaspora experts complete their assignment.
projects are characterized by a demand-driven approach, beneficiaries’ ownership,
flexibility, facilitating the best possible match between the needs on the
ground and available Somali diaspora resources. By aligning itself with
Somalia’s national development plans and government priorities, the programme
is currently providing capacity injection in four key sectors: Health, Public
Finance Management, Education and Justice. IOM and its partners believe that
the three sectors are crucial for economic development and stability of
Somalia. To date, IOM, through the implementation of 10
projects and project components has facilitated and supported;
are the main projects that have been implemented under the MIDA umbrella:
Qualified Expatriate Somali Technical
Support-Migration for Development in Africa (QUESTS-MIDA): IOM in partnership with (UNDP) implemented the QUESTS MIDA project.
The main objective of the project was to develop the institutional capacity of government
ministries in Somalia through short-term capacity building assignments.
Transition Initiatives for Stabilization: This is a quick-impact, results-driven project promoting peace and
stability in South Central Somalia and Somaliland. The project aims to provide
support to local leadership(s) to enable improved service delivery, increased
capacity, and positively affect public perception of governance sectors in
MIDA FINNSOM Health project: This project aims at Institutionalizing health care improvement
through temporary returns of Somali health professionals from Finland, United
States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, among others. IOM and the Somali
diaspora supports the rehabilitation and development of regional health sectors
in Somaliland and Puntland which continue to bear the consequences of years of
neglect and debilitating lack of qualified human resources.
Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals (TRQN): The objective of TRQN is to contribute to the reconstruction and
development policies and strategies of the Somali Government in line with the
integrated approach of the Dutch Government towards migration and development.
IOM works closely with both the diaspora in the Netherlands and government
partners in Somalia to strengthen the linkages and to help bridge the
institutional capacity gaps.
Capacity Building support for Stabilization
programming in Somalia: The overall objective of
the project is to contribute to the on-going process of stabilization and
state-building of Somalia in the newly recovered areas through capacity
building of relevant institutions.
Strengthening Institutions through Diaspora Assistance: This project aims at contributing to the ongoing process of
stabilization and state building of Somalia by developing the capacities of key
government sectors such as Health, Justice and Public Financial Management
through the mobilization of the Somali diaspora and local technical expertise.
Migration Health Division:
To contribute to improved human security through increased access of Migrant
and Mobile Populations (MMPs) and host communities to basic services and
livelihoods and improved capacity of authorities in border management
Building for Migration Management: The overall objective of the project is to
build the capacity of the immigration offices in Somalia in order to facilitate
safe and orderly migration as well as mitigate security threats at ports of
entry/border points in Somalia.
Joint Rule of Law Programme: This initiative aims at enhancing capacity of Somalia’s Rule of Law
System to cater to the needs of all, and especially vulnerable groups by;
establishing independent and accountable justice institutions capable of
addressing the justice needs of the people of Somalia and; establishing a
unified, capable, accountable and rights-based Somali police force providing
safety and order for all the people in Somalia.
MIDA Italy: The aim of the project is to contribute to the rehabilitation and development of Somalia by enhancing the role of Somali diaspora and their associations in Italy, with particular attention to activities promoted by associations of Somali women, engaging them in mobilising and transferring their professional, social and economic.